Paraleptosphaeria Gruyter et al., in Gruyter et al., Stud. Mycol. 75: 20 (2012).

Saprobic,fungicolous or pathogenic on stems and leaves of herbaceous or woody plants in terrestrial habitats.Sexual morph: Ascomata immersed, subglobose, solitary or aggregated, thick-walled, ostiolate, unilocular. Peridium thick-walled, comprising several scleroplectenchymatous cell layers, the outer layer heavily encrusted with pigment and often longitudinally striate on the surface, inner layer with flattened, light brown to dark brown cells. Hamathecium of dense 0.5–2 µm wide, long, septate,cellular pseudoparaphyses.Asci 8-spored, bitunicate, cylindric-clavate to broadly ellipsoidal, with bulbous pedicel, apically rounded, with an ocular chamber.Ascospores biseriate, hyaline to yellow brownish, fusiform and tapering to the ends, transversally 1–5-septate, slightly constricted at the central spetum, cell above central septum swollen, with or lacking a mucilaginous sheath. Asexual morph: Conidiomata pycnidial, globose to subglobose, scleroplectenchymatous, with papillate pore, unilocular. Conidiogenous cells phialidic, ampulliform to doliiform. Conidia hyaline, aseptate, oblong to ellipsoidal.Sclerotia sometimes produced (De Gruyter et al. 2013).

Type species: Paraleptosphaeria nitschkei (Rehm ex G. Winter) Gruyter et al., in Gruyter et al, Stud. Mycol. 75: 20 (2012)

            ≡ Leptosphaeria nitschkei Rehm ex G. Winter, Flora, Regensburg 55: 510 (1872)