Paraleptosphaeria Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley, Stud. Mycol. 75: (2012).

MycoBank number: MB 564720; Index Fungorum number: IF 564720; Facesoffungi number: FoF 01159; 9 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 9 species with molecular data.

Type speciesParaleptosphaeria nitschkei (Rehm ex G. Winter) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley, Stud. Mycol. 75 (2012).

Leptosphaeria nitschkei Rehm ex G. Winter, Flora, Regensburg 55: 510 (1872).

NotesParaleptosphaeria was introduced to Leptosphaeriaceae by Gruyter et al. (2013). Paraleptosphaeria nitschkei was formally introduced as Leptosphaeria nitschkei, however, Gruyter et al. (2013) proved that the genus is phylogenetically distantly related to L. doliolum. Paraleptosphaeria members are characterized scleroplectenchyma cell types of peridium, clavate to cylindric-clavate, short pedicellate asci, and hyaline to yellow brownish, transversely septate ascospore (Ariyawansa et al. 2015b). Nine taxa are accepted in Paraleptosphaeria (morphology see Quaedvlieg et al. 2013 as Acicuseptoria rumicis, Ariyawansa et al. 2015b, Tippromma et al. 2017, Wijayawardene et al. 2018, Piątek et al. 2020).