Bartaliniaceae Wijayawardene, Maharachch. & K.D. Hyde, fam. nov., Index Fungorum number: IF511183;

Saprobic or rarely pathogenic causing leaf spots, on various hosts. Sexual morph: Pseudostromata immersed, solitary, scattered. Ascomata immersed to semi-immersed, solitary to gregarious, globose to subglobose, black. Ostiole papillate, central, circular, periphysate. Peridium composed of brown to dark brown cells of textura angularis or textura prismatica, with thin inner layer composed of thin-walled, hyaline cells of textura angularis. Hamathecium comprising filiform, septate, hyaline, smooth-walled paraphyses. Asci 8-spored, unitunicate, cylindrical, short pedicellate, apically rounded a with J- or J+ subapical ring. Ascospores overlapping uniseriate, pale brown to brown, ellipsoid to fusiform, 3–4-septate, smooth-walled. Asexual morph: Coelomycetous. Conidiomata acervular or pycnidial to irregular, solitary to gregarious, superficial to sub-immersed, unilocular, globose to subglobose, dark brown to black. Ostiole apapillate. Conidiomata wall comprising two strata, inner wall composed of thick-walled, dark brown cells of textura angularis, inner wall thin, composed of hyaline to sub-hyaline cells of textura angularis. Conidiophores present or reduced to conidiogenous cells; when present cylindrical, hyaline, sparsely septate, smooth-walled. Conidiogenous cells holoblastic, ampulliform, integrated or discrete, determinate, hyaline, smooth-walled. Conidia fusiform, straight to slightly curved, subhyaline to brown, bearing only apical appendages or having both apical and basal appendages.

Type: Bartalinia Tassi, Bulletin Labor. Orto Bot. de R. Univ. Siena 3: 4 (1900)

Notes: In the molecular analyses , Bartalinia sensu stricto groups with Broomella, Hyalotiella and Truncatella and forms a distinct clade in Amphisphaeriales. Further, the Bartalinia clade comprises a newly introduced genus viz. Zetiasplozna. This clade is distinct from the other families in Amphisphariales and thus we introduced a new family Bartaliniaceae. The sexual morph genera in Bartaliniaceae are characterised by immersed to semi-immersed ascomata with papillate ostioles, unitunicate, cylindrical asci, with J- or J+ apical rings, and light to dark brown, 3–4-septate ascospores. The asexual typified genera have superficial to subimmersed acervular or pycnidial to irregular fruiting bodies, apapillate ostioles, conidiophores reduced to conidiogenous cells, holoblastic conidiogenesis and fusiform, straight to slightly curved, subhyaline to brown conidia with apical or apical and basal appendages.