Fomitiporia Murril

Fomitiporia Murril is characterized by pileate to resupinate basidiomata, hymenial setae present in some species, dextrinoid basidiospores, and a dimitic hyphal system through all the basidioma (Decocketal.2007). The genus has about 40 species described, many of those have been collected on live tree hosts, suggesting some levels of host-specificity (Amalfi et al. 2012; Dai et al. 2008). Historically, due to low morphological variation, several taxa represent morphological complexes of cryptic species, thus the phylogenetic reconstructions based on molecular data have been playing a crucial role in the discovery of unknown lineages (Decock et al. 2007; Vlasák and Kout 2011). Neotropical region presents a high diversity unknown (Amalfi and Decock 2013; Amalfi et al.
2014), mainly because there are many areas without records of collections.