Lactarius Pers.
The well-known milkcaps are split into two genera: Lactarius and Lactifluus (Buyck et al. 2008, 2010). The genus Lactarius comprises three subgenera, L. subg. Piperites (Fr. ex J. Kickx f.) Kauffman, L. subg. Russularia
(Fr. ex Burl.) Kauffman and L. subg. Plinthogali (Burl.) Hesler & A.H. Sm. and is one of the common ectomycorrhizal associates in Indian Himalaya (Rawla 2002; Das and Sharma 2005; Das and Verbeken 2011, 2012; Das and Chakraborty 2014; Das et al. 2015).