Coronophora is characterized by tuberculate ascomata with polysporous asci and tiny, allantoid, hyaline ascospores. Coronophora gregaria is illustrated in this entry. Sphaeria gregaria is synonym as Coronophora gregaria and occurs on dead wood in Europe and America (Fuckel 1870, Mugambi & Huhndorf 2010). The sequences of tef1 and rpb2 of C. gregaria (ANM1555) were [...]
Saprobic on plant stems or wood in terrestrial habitats, or parasitic on other fungi. Sexual morph: Ascomata perithecial, gregarious or solitary, superficial, black, semi-immersed becoming erumpent through bark of host, ovoid to subglobose, carbonaceous, tuberculate, glabrous or with hairs, laterally collapsing when dry, sometimes with a short neck with or without ostioles or quellkörper. [...]
Gaillardiella is characterized by turbinate ascomata, clavate to cylindrical asci w short stalks and ring at the apex and hyaline ascospores.
The type species, Bertia moriformis, is characterized by tuberculate ascomata and clavate asci and brown ascospores (Mugambi & Huhndorf 2010, Maharachchikumbura et al. 2016b). We provide a multi-gene phylogenetic tree (Fig. 11), which reveals that Bertia is closely related to members of Nitschkiaceae (Nitschkia, Acanthonitschkea and Fracchiaea) with good support (Fig. 11). [...]
Saprobic on wood in freshwater and terrestrial habitats. Sexual morph: Ascomata perithecial, dark brown to black, solitary or gregarious, superficial to erumpent, cupuliform, globose to subglobose, carbonaceous to membranaceous, turbinate or tuberculate or smooth, collabent or collapsing laterally or not collapsing, ostiolate. Peridium thick, Munk pores present or absent, outer layer (pseudoparenchymatous cells) hard, [...]
Pinnoi et al. (2003) introduced the monotypic genus Unisetosphaeria on submerged petiole of Eleiodoxa conferta from Sirindhorn Peat Swamp Forest in Thailand. Unisetosphaeria is characterized by pyriform, ostiolate, papillate ascomata, 8-spored, clavate, unitunicate, short pedicellate asci with a refractive, J-, apical ring, and 2-seriate, hyaline, septate ascospores (Pinnoi et al. 2003). The asexual morph [...]
Trichosphaeria was established by Fuckel (1870) with the type species T. pilosa collected from rotten wood from Germany. Trichosphaeria species are characterized by globose to subglobose ascomata with setae, unitunicate, 4–8-spored asci with a J-, apical ring, and hyaline, aseptate, ellipsoidal ascospores. Since most Trichosphaeria species were introduced before 1940, molecular data are lacking [...]
Setocampanula is a monotypic genus introduced by Sivanesan & Hsieh (1989) to accommodate S. taiwanensis. Sivanesan & Hsieh (1989) assigned Setocampanula in Trichosphaeriaceae, because Setocampanula resembles other genera of Trichosphaeriaceae in its superficial setose ascomata and the unitunicate asci without any apical ring. Setocampanula taiwanensis is a bambusicolous fungus collected from Taiwan. Taiwan. Taiwan. [...]
Schweinitziella was introduced by Spegazzini (1888). Schweinitziella is a poorly known genus since no molecular data are available. The sexual morph of Schweinitziella has clavate asci (Maharachchikumbura et al. 2016b). The asexual morph of this genus is undetermined.
Rizalia was introduced by Sydow & Sydow (1914). Hyde et al. (2017b) accepted five species in Rizalia, viz. R. byrsonimae, R. confusa, R. fasciculata, and R. glaziovii and R. guianensis. The sixth species was described by Niranjan & Sarma (2018) from India. Rizalia is characterized by globose to pyriform, setose ascomata with long necks, [...]