Xylolentia Réblová, Mycologia: 10 (2018)
MycoBank number: MB 823921; Index Fungorum number: IF 823921; Facesoffungi number: FoF 10303; 1 species with sequence data.
Type species – Xylolentia brunneola Réblová
Notes – Xylolentia brunneola was collected on decaying wood of Fagus sylvatica. This genus is distinct among members of the Rhamphoriaceae in having brown, septate ascospores. It is similar to Brunneosporella aquatica (Ranghoo et al. 2001), Hyalorostratum brunneisporum (Raja et al. 2010), and Jobellisia spp. (Huhndorf et al. 1999), all of which have 1-septate, brown ascospores arranged uniseriately in the ascus. However, analysis of a combined SSU, LSU and rpb2 sequence dataset did not show a close relationship of Xylolentia with these genera (Réblová & Štěpánek 2018).