Phialophora Medlar, Mycologia 7(4): 202 (1915)

MycoBank number: MB 9342; Index Fungorum number: IF 9342, Facesoffungi number: FoF 10380, 41 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2021), 20 species with molecular data.

Saprobic on decaying wood or pathogenic or animals, including humans. Mycelium superficial or partly immersed, comprising cylindrical, brown, septate hyphae in rope-like strands, tending to become moniliform, smooth-walled. Sexual morph: Capronia-like. Ascomata perithecioid, arising singly, dispersed, superficial, immersed only at the base when mature, subglobose, black, smooth-walled but with aseptate or 1-multi-septate unbranched, dark brown setae, arising from the upper part, ostiolate. Setae smooth-walled, rounded at the apex and hardly attenuated or tapering to the ends. Ostioles lateral, black, flattened. Peridium thick, composed of multi-layered, hyaline to brown cells of textura angularis. Hamathecium gelatinized, lacking pseudoparaphyses. Asci 8-spored or multi-spored, bitunicate, obpyriform to broadly clavate, wall apically thickened, J–. Ascospores overlapping, irregularly biseriate, oval to fusiform, muriform, hyaline to yellow-brown or grey, 1–7-trans-septate, constricted at the septa, with or without longitudinial septa, some slightly curved, smooth-walled, with or without guttules, without a gelatinous sheath or appendages. Asexual morph: hyphomycetous. Conidiophores mononematous, macronematous, unbranched, erect, hyaline to brown, straight or flexuous, cylindrical, smooth. Conidiogenous cells enteroblastic, phialidic, terminally or laterally, branched, cylindrical- elongate or occasionally flask-shaped, hyaline to brown, in a globose, gelatinous mass. Collarettes conspicuous, narrowly cylindrical to funnel-shaped or slightly flaring. Conidia acrogenous, obovoidal, clavate, ellipsoidal or fusiform, and adhere in chains, hyaline to sunhyaline, aseptate or 1-septate, sticky, smooth-walled. Conidial secession schizolytic.

Type species: Phialophora verrucosa Medlar, Mycologia 7(4): 203 (1915)