Penicillium roseopurpureum Dierckx, Penicillium roseopurpureum Dierckx, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 86 (1901)

MycoBank number: MB 213447; Index Fungorum number: IF 213447; Facesoffungi number: FoF 10492;

Possible synonyms: None

Description (Description with measurements of sexual and asexual state of species)

Saprobic in cold arid soils of Kargil, Ladakh India. Sexual state: Not observed. Asexual state: Conidiophores borne from aerial hyphae, stipes short, 11.2–15.4 µm, smooth-walled, strictly monoverticillate, nonvesiculate or slightly swollen (Fig. 1); phialides in verticils 3–6, measuring 4.9–6.3 × 1.4–1.5 µm; ampulliform, with short collula; conidia spheroidal, measuring 1.4–2.0 µm, with walls finely roughened, borne in short and well defined columns (Fig. 1a, c). Distinctive features: slow growth; production of red pigmentation, non-vesiculate stipe with spheroidal and roughened conidia.

Material examined: Drass (Kargil) India, September 2017.

Distribution: Drass valley (2,800 masl), located in Kargil is also known as the Himalayan gateway to Ladakh and is considered as the coldest place in India and second coldest inhabited place in the world with temperature recorded below -45oC during the winters.

Sequence data: NA

Notes: This Penicillium is a rare species with limited distribution (Fig.1).

Fig. 1 – a-c Penicillium roseopurpureum Dierckx. d-f Penicillium sclerotiorum Beyma.
g-j Penicillium vinaceum Gilman & Abbott. Colonies growing on CYA (b, e, j); Microphotographs (a, d, g); Camera lucida drawings (c, f, h–i). Scale bars: a, d, g = 10µm, c, f, h–i = 14µm.