Mycocaliciaceae A.F.W. Schmidt, Mitt. Staatsinst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg13: 127 (1970)

Index Fungorum number: IF 81039; Facesoffungi number: FoF 15501

Mycocaliciaceae is a family of calicioid fungi and a heterogeneous grouping of ascomycetes included in the order Mycocaliciales with Mycocalicium as the type genus (Angeles Vinuesa et al. 2001). This family represents ascomycetes, with small, usually stalked apothecia, where both lichenized and non–lichenized species are involved (Rikkinen 2003). This family includes ChaenothecopsisMycocaliciumPhaeocalicium and Stenocybe (Lumbsch and Huhndorf 2010). The members of Mycocaliciaceae are saprophytic, parasitic on free-living algae or lichens, or parasymbiotic with lichens. Most species inhabit the bark of old trees or wood and occur in cool-temperate and temperate regions, but some occur in subtropical and tropical areas (Tibell and Titov 1995)