Massaria De Not., G. bot. ital. 1(1): 333 (1844)

MycoBank number: MB 3013; Index Fungorum number: IF 3013; Facesoffungi number: FoF 06428; 50 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 17 species with molecular data.

Type speciesMassaria inquinans (Tode) De Not.

Massaria inquinans (Tode) De Not., G. bot. ital. 1(1): 333 (1844).

NotesMassaria was introduced by De Notaris (1844) based on Sphaeria inquinans Tode (1791). With its symmetrical ascospores containing both disto- and eusepta and rhomboid or lenticular lumina in mid cells, morphology of Massaria species is unique in the context of non- lichenised ascomycetes with bitunicate asci (Voglmayr & Jaklitsch 2011). Voglmayr & Jaklitsch (2011) used morphology and combined multi-gene (LSU, rpb-2, SSU and tef1) phylogeny and treated 17 Massaria species including seven which were newly introduced. This study suggested a high host-specificity for Massaria species and concluded that their biodiversity is centered on Acer and Rosaceae hosts. Evidence was provided for their hemibiotrophic or weakly parasitic life styles based on the geographic distribution of Massaria species (Voglmayr & Jaklitsch 2011). For morphology of type species see Voglmayr & Jaklitsch (2011). Massarioramusculicola was introduced into the family using morphology and molecular phylogeny (Huanraluek et al. 2018).