Setoapiospora Mapook & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 100: 5–277 (2020).

Index Fungorum number: IF 556905; Facesoffungi number: FoF 06793; 1 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 1 species with molecular data.

Type species: Setoapiospora thailandica Mapook & K.D. Hyde, in Fungal Diversity 100: 5–277 (2020).

Notes: The genus is characterised by appearing as dark brown to black spots on branches of wood, carbonaceous ascomata, with dark brown setae, peridium composed of cells of textura epidermoidea, pseudoparaphyses, 8-spored asci, with an ocular chamber, and 1-septate ascospores, constricted at the septum, with a small lower cell and a large upper cell, tapering towards ends, with granular appearance. (Hyde et al. 2020b). In the phylogenetic analyses indicated that this genus formed a distinct lineage within Muyocopronaceae (Hyde et al. 2020b, this study Fig. 56).

Fig. 56 Phylogram generated from maximum likelihood analysis (RAxML) of Muyocopronales based on ITS, LSU, rpb-2, SSU and tef1 sequence data. Maximum likelihood bootstrap values equal or above 70%, Bayesian posterior probabilities equal or above 0.90 (MLBS/PP) are given at the nodes. An original isolate is noted after the species name. The tree is rooted to Acrospermum com- pressum (M151) and A. gramineum (M152). The ex-type strains are indicated in bold. Hyphen (-) represents support values below 70% MLBS and 0.90 PP