Podospora Ces., Hedwigia 1(15): 103 (1856)

MycoBank number: MB 4284; Index Fungorum number: IF 4284; Facesoffungi number: FoF

Synonym: Schizothecium Corda, Icon. fung. (Prague) 2: 29 (1838)

Saprobic on wood or isolated from soil. Sexual morph: Ascomata perithecial, solitary to scattered, immersed to semi-immersed, obpyriform to ovoid, brown to black, ostiolate. Peridium membranaceous to coriaceous, composed of pale brown to reddish brown-walled cells of textura porrecta to textura angularis to textura prismatica. Paraphyses cylindrical, septate. Asci 8-spored, unitunicate, cylindrical to clavate, pedicellate, apex rounded, evanescent. Ascospores ovoid to ellipsoid, aseptate, hyaline when young, becoming a swollen, dark brown upper cell and a hyaline lower cell when mature, with a gelatinous appendage at one or each end. Asexual morph: Hyphomycetous, cladorrhinum- like. Conidiophores micronematous. Conidiogenous cells intercalary or terminal, with a flaring collarette producing blastic conidia. Conidia globose to oval, aseptate, hyaline, smooth-walled, with a truncate base (adapted from Cesati 1856; Lundqvist 1972).

Notes: Podospora is typified by P. fimicola which has coriaceous ascomata covered with simple short hairs and ascospores with gelatinous appendages (Cesati 1856). Lun- dqvist (1972) clarified Podospora species and proposed that Podospora fimiseda is a name change for Podospora fimicola. Thus, these species are conspecific (Niessl 1883; Lundqvist 1972; Bell and Mahoney 1997; Doveri 2008). However, following priority, Wang et al. (2019a, b) accepted P. fimicola as its generic type and redefined Podospora, the type genus of Podosporaceae. Phylogenetically, we transfer seven species clustered in Podospora clade, to Podospora to avoid confusion (see the combination list below, 26). Species of Podospora (s. lat.) are also scattered in Bombar- diaceae, Lasiosphaeriaceae, Naviculisporaceae and Neoschi- zotheciaceae (Fig. 26).

Type species: Podospora fimicola (Corda) Ces., Hedwigia 1(15): 103 (1856)