Paraconiothyrium Verkley, Stud. Mycol. 50(2): 327 (2004).

Index Fungorum number: IF 500080; MycoBank number: MB 500080Facesoffungi number: FoF 00053; 17 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 5 species with molecular data.

Saprobic or parasitic in terrestrial habitats. Sexual state: unknown (Verkley et al. 2004). Asexual stateConidiomata eustromatic, simple or complex, rarely pycnidial, Conidiogenous cells discrete or integrated, phialidic, sometimes percurrent. Conidia aseptate, sometimes 1-septate, thin-walled, smooth-walled or minutely warted, hyaline when liberated, later brown (Verkley et al. 2004).

Type speciesParaconiothyrium estuarinum Verkley et al., Stud. Mycol. 50(2): 327 (2004).

Notes – Verkley et al. (2004a) introduced Paraconiothyrium to accommodate four species, namely P. estuarinum (type species), P. brasiliense, P. cyclothyrioides and P. fungicola.  The morphological characters of Paraconiothyrium can be variable. The conidiomata can be eustromatic to pycnidial, the conidiogenous cells are phialidic or annelidic, and the conidia smooth-walled or minutely warted and hyaline to brown at later stages of development (Verkley et al. 2004a, Gruyter et al. 2013, Liu et al. 2015). Based on multi-gene phylogeny, Ariyawansa et al. (2014d) observed the paraphyletic nature of Paraconiothyrium within Didymosphaeriaceae.