Paraconiothyrium Verkley, Stud. Mycol. 50(2): 327 (2004).

MycoBank number: MB 500080; Index Fungorum number: IF 500080; Facesoffungi number: FoF 00053; 17 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 5 species with molecular data.

Type speciesParaconiothyrium estuarinum Verkley et al., Stud. Mycol. 50(2): 327 (2004).

Notes – Verkley et al. (2004a) introduced Paraconiothyrium to accommodate four species, namely P. estuarinum (type species), P. brasiliense, P. cyclothyrioides and P. fungicola.  The morphological characters of Paraconiothyrium can be variable. The conidiomata can be eustromatic to pycnidial, the conidiogenous cells are phialidic or annelidic, and the conidia smooth-walled or minutely warted and hyaline to brown at later stages of development (Verkley et al. 2004a, Gruyter et al. 2013, Liu et al. 2015). Based on multi-gene phylogeny, Ariyawansa et al. (2014d) observed the paraphyletic nature of Paraconiothyrium within Didymosphaeriaceae.