Neomycoleptodiscus Hern.-Restr., J.D.P. Bezerra & Crous, in Hernández-Restrepo et al., Persoonia 42: 221 (2019).

MycoBank number: MB 829829;Index Fungorum number: IF 829829; Facesoffungi number: FoF 08096; 1 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 1 species with molecular data.

Type species: Neomycoleptodiscus venezuelense Hern.Restr., J.D.P. Bezerra & Crous, in Hernández-Restrepo et al., Persoonia 42: 221 (2019).

Notes: Neomycoleptodiscus was established by Hernández-Restrepo et al. (2019) to accommodate a single species Neocochlearomyces venezuelense. The genus has broadly lunate conidia and variable production of conidial appendages, smooth, hyaline to pale brown hyphae, sporodochium- like, brown conidiomata, with ampulliform to doliiform, angular, smooth, with a circular aperture situated conidiogenous cells, and one septate, cylindrical, guttulate conidia, with a filamentous appendage at each end, produced in a mucous pale yellow to brown mass (Hernández-Restrepo et al. 2019). The only species in this genus was found on leaf litter of Gyranthera caribensis in Venezuela. In the phylogenetic analyses of Hernández-Restrepo et al. (2019), this genus formed a lineage within Muyocopronaceae and sister to the strain of Mycoleptodiscus endophyticus (MFLUCC 17-0545) with good support (71% ML, 0.98 BYPP). In our analysis (Fig. 56), the genus is related to the clade containing Mycoleptodiscus endophyticus and Mycoleptodiscus terrestris with moderate support. However, both analyses showed that Neomycoleptodiscus is a distinct genus in Muyocopronaceae.