Neofusicoccum Crous, Slippers & A.J.L. Phillips, in Crous et al., Stud. Mycol. 55: 247 (2006).

MycoBank number: MB 500870; Index Fungorum number: IF 500870; Facesoffungi number: FoF 00153; 45 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 43 species with molecular data (Jayawardena et al. 2019a, c).

Type species: Neofusicoccum parvum (Pennycook & Samuels) Crous, Slippers & A.J.L. Phillips., in Crous et al., Stud. Mycol. 55: 247 (2006).

Fusicoccum parvum Pennycook & Samuels, Mycotaxon 24: 455 (1985).

Notes: Neofusicoccum was introduced by Crous et al. (2006a) to accommodate species that are similar to Botryosphaeria, but phylogenetically distinct. Dichomera synasexual morph in Neofusicoccum has been used to differentiate it from Botryosphaeria, even though not all Neofusicoccum species form such a synasexual morph (Phillips et al. 2005; Barber et al. 2005). Development of paraphyses can be observed in all accepted Botryosphaeria species, but have not been reported in conidiomata of any Neofusicoccum species. However, this character is difficult to use as developing conidiogenous cells can resemble paraphyses. Accepted species in this genus have been separated on the basis of conidial dimensions and pigmentation, pigment production in culture media and ITS sequence data (Phillips et al. 2013). However, morphological characterisation of these species remains controversial (Abdollahzadeh et al. 2013). To resolve the species, multi-gene sequence data are essential. Species in Neofusicoccum have been reported as endophytes, pathogens and saprobes on a wide range of hosts.