Neodeightonia C. Booth, in Punithalingam, Mycol. Pap. 119: 17 (1970) [1969].

MycoBank number: MB 3450; Index Fungorum number: IF 3450; Facesoffungi number: FoF 07627; 8 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 8 species with with molecular data.

Type species: Neodeightonia subglobosa C. Booth, Mycol. Pap. (1970).

Notes: Neodeightonia was regarded as a synonym of Botryosphaeria (von Arx and Müller 1975). However, it was reinstated by Phillips et al. (2008) based on morphological characters including the dark, 1-septate ascospores, and its phylogenetic placement. Longitudinal striations on the conidial wall are an additional characteristic feature of this genus (Crous et al. 2006a; Phillips et al. 2008). Neodeightonia can be differentiated from Lasiodiplodia by the absence of conidiomatal paraphyses, and conidial striations distinguish it from Diplodia.