Melanodiplodia Wanas., Gafforov & K.D. Hyde, in Wanasinghe et al., Fungal Divers. 89: 92 (2018).
MycoBank number: MB 554160; Index Fungorum number: IF 554160; Facesoffungi number: FoF 04001; 1 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 1 species with molecular data.
Type species – Melanodiplodia tianschanica Wanas., Gafforov & K.D. Hyde, in Wanasinghe et al., Fungal Divers. 89: 92 (2018).
Notes – Wanasinghe et al. (2018c) established Melanodiplodia to accommodate a diplodia- like species which was saprobic on branches of Rosa ecae from Uzbekistan. It is characterized by pycnidial, stromatic, semi-immersed to immersed, globose to subglobose, dark brown to black, ostiolate conidiomata, holoblastic, cylindrical to subcylindrical, hyaline conidiogenous cells and hyaline to dark brown conidia, 1-septate while still attached to conidiogenous cells; detached conidia, hyaline, sepia or blackish brown, unicellular or 1-septate, oval to ovoid, apex obtuse, base truncate or rounded (Wanasinghe et al. 2018c). There is no sexual morph for Melanodiplodia (Wanasinghe et al. 2018c). Melanodiplodia is similar to Coniothyrium, Diplodia, Dothiorella, Forliomyces, Neodeightonia, Paulkirkia, Placodiplodia, Prillieuxina, Spencermartinsia in having 1-septate and brown conidia (Wijayawardene et al. 2016a, Wanasinghe et al. 2018c). However, Melanodiplodia clustered with Muriformistrickeria in a strongly-supported monophyletic clade in phylogenetic analysis (Wanasinghe et al. 2018c).