Etheirophoraceae Rungjindamati, Somrothipol, & Suetrong, Cryptog. Mycol. 35(2): 134 (2014)
MycoBank number: MB 808178; Index Fungorum number: IF 808178; Facesoffungi number: FoF 01329; 5 species.
Saprobic on intertidal wood and bark in marine habitats. Sexual morph: Ascomata subglobose to globose or pyriform, light brown to dark brown or black, immersed, oblique or vertical to the host surface, clypeate, coriaceous, ostiolate, periphysate, papillate. Peridium composed several layers of brown to dark brown cell layers of textura angularis. Paraphyses numerous, mostly unbranched, attached to the apex of the ascomatal cavity, embedded in a gelatinous matrix. Asci 8- spored, unitunicate, cylindrical to oblong, pedicellate, J-, persistent. Ascospores 1–2-seriate, hyaline, ellipsoidal, 1 to many septate, constricted at the septa, with a filamentous appendage at one or both ends. Appendages bristle-like, origin undetermined. Asexual morph: Undetermined (adapted from Jones et al. 2014).
Type genus – Etheirophora Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm.
Notes – This family includes the genera Etheirophora (E. bijubata, E. blepharospora, E. unijubata) and Swampomyces (S. armeniacus, S. triseptatus) (Jones et al. 2014). However, the genera Etheirophora and Swampomyces are not congeneric and they form a sister clade with Falcocladium species (Falcocladiaceae) in an unsupported clade in Hypocreomycetidae, order incertae sedis (Maharachchikumbura et al. (2015). Subsequently, Jones et al. (2015) introduced Torpedosporales to accommodate the families Etheirophoraceae, Juncigenaceae and Torpedosporaceae. The order evolved with a stem age of 171–241 MYA (Hongsanan et al. 2017, Hyde et al. 2017a).