Endodothiora Petr., Annls mycol. 27(5/6): 345 (1929).

Index Fungorum number: IF 1797; MycoBank number: MB 1797Facesoffungi number: FoF 00082; 1 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), molecular data unavailable.

Type species Endodothiora sydowiana Petr., Annls mycol. 27(5/6): 345 (1929).

Notes – The parasitic genus Endodothiora was introduced to accommodate a single species, E. sydowiana Petr., which is immersed in the ascostromata of Dothidea puccinioides (Barr 1972). This genus is placed in Dothioraceae based on its parasitic nature on Dothidea collecta, and also immersing in the stroma of the host fungus. Poly-spored asci and multi-septate hyaline ascospores of Endodothiora share similarities with those of Sydowia, but the immersed parasitic habitat excludes them from Sydowia (Barr 1972, 2001). Tambugala et al. (2014a) re-examined the type and found different asci with brown ascospores (Dothidea puccinioides) which share the same ascomata, which is good proof for E. sydowiana being parasitic on Dothidea puccinioides. Other major sexual morph characters of this genus are subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, coriaceous ascostromata with 2–5 locules, cylindrical to broadly cylindrical asci, and oblong, multi-septate ascospores that are constricted at the primary septum. The asexual morph is unknown (Thambugala et al. 2014a). Further investigations of its morphology and DNA-based analysis are suggested.