Bezerromycetaceae J.D.P. Bezerra, Souza-Motta & Crous, Mycol. Progr. 16: 301 (2017).

Index Fungorum: IF 817521; Facesoffungi number: FoF 06809, 4 species.

Saprobic on dead wood in terrestrial habitats, or as endophytic fungi associated with cactus species in tropical dry forests. Sexual morph: Ascomata superficial or immersed in culture media, pseudothecial, unilocular, globose to subglobose, gregarious or solitary, pale brown to brown at maturity, minutely papillate with ostiole, collapsing cupulate or laterally, smooth or hairy. Peridium comprising pale brown cells of textura angularis, and small cells of textura prismatica. Hamathecium comprising numerous, filiform, septate, branched, hyaline pseudoparaphyses. Asci 8-spored, bitunicate, fissitunicate, cylindrical to cylindric-clavate, short pedicellate, with or without a minute ocular chamber. Ascospores 1–2-seriate, ellipsoidal, hyaline when young, becoming pale brown to brown at maturity, muriformly septate, smooth or minutely verrucose. Chlamydospores sometimes linked to ascomata by hyphae, multi-septate, brown, dictyochlamydospore-like, globose to subglobose or ellipsoid to cylindrical. Asexual morph: Undetermined.

Type: Bezerromyces J.D.P. Bezerra, Souza-Motta & Crous

Notes: Bezerromycetaceae was introduced based on multi-gene phylogenetic analyses and morphological char- acteristics to accommodate the genera Bezerromyces and Xiliomyces. Liu et al. (2017) treated Bezerromycetaceae as a family of Tubeufiales by divergence time estimates. Lu et al. (2018b) transferred Neorhamphoria to Bezerromycetaceae based on phylogenetic and morphological evidence. Four species of Bezerromycetaceae are reported, Bezerromyces brasiliensis, B. pernambucoensis, Neorhamphoria garethjonesii, and Xiliomyces rasiliensis, and all have both morphology and DNA molecular data (Boonmee et al. 2016; Bezerra et al. 2017).