Sarcoxylon Cooke, Grevillea 12(no. 62): 50 (1883)

Index Fungorum number: IF 4863; MycoBank number: MB 4863Facesoffungi number: FoF 03067; 5 morphological species (Daranagama et al. 2018), 1 species with sequence data.

Type species Sarcoxylon compunctum (Jungh.) Cooke

Notes Sarcoxylon was established by Cooke (1883). Rogers (1981) maintained Sarcoxylon as a distinct genus apart from Hypoxylon, Entonaema and Xylaria. The genus is characterized by superficial, pulvinate to hemispherical to more or less upright stromata with a gelatinous zone beneath ascomatal layer, cylindrical, pedicellate asci with a J+, apical ring and unicellular, ellipsoid-inequilateral, brown ascospores. The phylogenetic studies of Senanayake et al. (2015), Daranagama et al. (2018) and Wendt et al. (2018) accepted Sarcoxylon in Xylariaceae.


  • Sarcoxylon compunctum