Parasympodiellaceae Hern.-Restr., Gené, Guarro & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 86: 87 (2017)

MycoBank number: MB 820298; Index Fungorum number: IF 820298; Facesoffungi number: FoF 05187; 9 species.

Saprobic on leaves and twigs. Sexual morph: Undetermined. Asexual morph: Colonies effuse, cottony, partly superficial, greyish. Conidiophores mononematous, erect, conspicuous and properly differentiated from vegetative hyphae, flexuous, smooth, regularly septate, branched, brown. Conidiogenous cells smooth, pale brown or hyaline, holoblastic, multiplying sympodially, undergoing basipetal secession to produce conidia. Conidia thallic-arthric, aseptate or septate, hyaline, produced in unbranched pseudo-chains. Synasexual morph: often stylaspergillus-like (adapted from Hernández-Restrepo et al. 2017).

Type genusParasympodiella Ponnappa

Notes – Parasympodiellaceae, as established by Hernández-Restrepo et al. (2017), is accommodated in Parasympodiellales and it includes the monotypic genus Parasympodiella (Hernández-Restrepo et al. 2017). Species of this family most commonly grow as saprobes on plant litter, conifers and dicotyledons (Subramanian & Vittal 1973, Crous et al. 1995, Cheewangkoon et al. 2009, Seifert et al. 2011, Hernández-Restrepo et al. 2017). Parasympodiellales along with Parasympodiellaceae have been introduced to represent the clade which includes four of the nine Parasympodiella species, namely, P. lauri, P. elongata, P. eucalypti and P. laxa (Hernández- Restrepo et al. 2017).