MycoBank number: MB 833285; Index Fungorum number: IF 833285; Facesoffungi number: FoF;
Type species: Paralulworthia gigaspora sp. nov.
Etymology: in reference to the phylogenetic closeness to the genus Lulworthia sensu latu.
Phylogenetic placement: Lulworthiaceae, Lulworthiales, Sordariomycetes, Ascomycota. The genus Paralulworthia gen. nov. clustered together with the genera Lulworthia sensu latu and Halazoon (Figure 5).
Description: growing efficiently on wood. Ascomata subglobose to ellipsoidal, single, scattered, immersed in the cortex or erumpent, brown to black at maturity; peridium dark brown composed of several layers of thick–walled cells of textura angularis. Asci containing 8 spores, dehiscent. Sterile elements not observed. Ascospores uni- to 3-septate at maturity, constricted at septa (particularly the central one), ellipsoid to fusiform, pointed at both ends, thin-walled, from light to dark brown at maturity, straight.
FIGURE 5 | Bayesian phylogram of Lulworthiales based on a combined nrSSU, nrITS, and nrLSU dataset. The tree is rooted to Pleosporales. Branch numbers indicate BYPP/MLBvalues; Bar = expected changes per site (0.04).