Palawania (Niessl) Syd. & P. Syd., Philipp. J. Sci., C, Bot. 9(2): 171 (1914).
MycoBank number: MB 3682; Index Fungorum number: IF 3682; Facesoffungi number: FoF 06426; 3 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 1 species with molecular data.
Type species: Palawania grandis (Niessl) Syd. & P. Syd., Philipp. J. Sci., C, Bot. 9(2): 171 (1914).
≡ Microthyrium grande Niessl, in Rabenhorst, Fungi europ. exsicc.: no. 2467 (1876).
Notes: Species in this genus are known from the genera Calamus, Cocos and Dypsis (Arecaceae). There are eight species epithets listed in Index Fungorum (2020), while five species were transferred to Parmulariaceae. The type material was re-examined by Wu et al. (2011b). Recently, a fresh collection was described and illustrated by Mapook et al. (2016c) from Thailand.