Neurospora Shear & B.O. Dodge, J. Agric. Res., Washington 34: 1025 (1927)
MycoBank number: MB 3502; Index Fungorum number: IF 3502; Facesoffungi number: FoF 13566; 56 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 35 species with sequence data.
Type species – Neurospora sitophila Shear & B.O. Dodge
Notes – Neurospora is the largest genus in Sordariaceae. It is characterized by cylindrical asci and brown ascospores with striate to reticulate patterns on the wall. Gelasinospora was accepted as a synonym of Neurospora based on LSU analysis (García et al. 2004).