Neopyrenochaetaceae Valenz.-Lopez, Crous, Cano, Guarro & Stchigel, Stud. Mycol. 90: 54 (2017).

MycoBank number: MB 820416; Index Fungorum number: IF 820416; Facesoffungi number: FoF 07390, 8 species.

Species in Neopyrenochaetaceae were recovered from different habitats with different life modes; from water pipe sample, from Fragaria, from Protea nerifolia, and from the screen of mobile phone. Asexual morph: Conidiomata pycnidial, pale brown to brown, solitary, pycnidial wall composed of cells of textura angularis, setose, ovoid to globose, with a nonpapillate or papillate ostiolar neck. Conidiogenous cells phialidic, ampulliform or lageniform. Conidia ovoid to subcylindrical, hyaline, aseptate, smooth- and thin-walled. Sexual morph: Undetermined.

TypeNeopyrenochaeta Valenz.-Lopez, Crous, Stchigel, Guarro & J.F. Cano.

NotesNeopyrenochaetaceae was introduced by Valenzuela-Lopez et al. (2018) while revising the families Cucurbitariaceae and Didymellaceae. It accommodates species that were previously considered as members of Cucurbitariaceae. Along with Neopyrenochaetaceae, other families of Parapyrenochaetaceae, Pseudopyrenochaetaceae and Pyrenochaetopsidaceae were introduced to the Pleosporales, Dothideomycetes (Valenzuela-Lopez et al. 2018). Multi-gene phylogeny of ITS, LSU, rpb-2 and tub2 analyses showed that few taxa previously identified as Pyrenochaeta, were not claded in Cucurbitariaceae and therefore N. acicola (= Pyrenochaeta acicola), N. inflorescentiae (≡ P. inflorescentiae) and N. telephoni (≡ P. telephoni) were accommodated in the new genus Neopyrenochaeta.