Neomassariosphaeria Y. Zhang ter, J. Fourn. & K.D. Hyde, Stud. Mycol. 64: 96 (2009).

MycoBank number: MB 515473; Index Fungorum number: IF 515473; Facesoffungi number: FoF 08156; 1 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 1 species with molecular data.

Type speciesNeomassariosphaeria typhicola Y. Zhang ter, J. Fourn. & K.D. Hyde, Stud. Mycol. 64: 96 (2009).

Notes – Zhang et al. (2009c) presented Neomassariosphaeria (based on Massariosphaeria typhicola) as a new genus in Amniculicolaceae. This genus is characterized by immersed to erumpent, subglobose to lenticular ascomata with a thin peridium, trabeculate pseudoparaphyses, clavate to broadly clavate, short pedicellate asci, fusiform, hyaline to reddish brown, multi-septate ascospores with a gelatinous sheath. Ascomata or hyphae usually stain the woody substrate or cultural medium purple (Zhang et al. 2009c). Ariyawansa et al. (2015a) transferred Neomassariosphaeria to Lindgomycetaceae. However, Wijayawardene et al. (2018) and Jayasiri et al. (2019) accounted this as a member in Amniculicolaceae. Dong et al. (2020) also confirmed that Neomassariosphaeria needs to remain in Amniculicolaceae. Further research of additional morphological and molecular data is required in this genus.