Neomassarinaceae Mapook & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers 101: 52 (2020).

MycoBank number: MB 557341; Index Fungorum number: IF 557341; Facesoffungi number: FoF 07798, 3 species.

Saprobic on dead leaf or stems of herbaceous plant. Sexual morph: Ascomata immersed or semi- immersed to erumpent, globose to subglobose or obpyriform, light brown to brown, coriaceous, solitary or scattered. Ostiole long neck, carbonaceous, papillate, crest-like, elongated and laterally compressed, with or without hyaline periphyses. Peridium comprising 2–5 layers, pale brown to hyaline cells or dark brown to black cells of textura angularis. Hamathecium comprising cylindrical to filiform, septate, branching, cellular pseudoparaphyses. Asci 8-spored, bitunicate, fis- situnicate, cylindrical to cylindric-clavate, with a short pedicel, apically rounded, with an ocular chamber. Ascospores overlapping, 1–2-seriate, fusiform, hyaline to pale brown at maturity, uniseptate, with a narrow sheath or surrounded by hyaline gelatinous sheath; sheath drawn out to form polar appendages from both ends of the ascospores, straight or slightly curved. Asexual morph: Undetermined.

TypeNeomassarina Phookamsak, Jayasiri & K.D. Hyde.

NotesNeomassarinaceae is a monotypic family and is close to Sporormiaceae and Amorosiaceae based on analysis of a combined ITS, LSU, rpb-2, SSU and tef1 sequence data (Mapook et al. 2020). Neomassarinaceae and Massarinaceae share some characters including hyaline and fusiform ascospores but they are distinct in the phylogenetic analyses (Hyde et al. 2013, 2016b).