Neomassariaceae H.A. Ariyaw., Jaklitsch & Voglmayr, Cryptog. Mycol. 39(3): 367 (2018).
MycoBank number: MB 827113; Index Fungorum number: IF 827113; Facesoffungi number: FoF 08315, 2 species.
Saprobic on dead stems in terrestrial habitats. Sexual morph: Ascomata immersed, globose to subglobose, brown to dark brown with central ostiole. Peridium composed of brown cells of textura angularis. Hamathecium comprising cylindrical to filiform, cellular or trabeculate pseudoparaphyses. Asci 8-spored, bitunicate, oblong to cylindrical. Ascospores 1–2-seriate, ellipsoid to fusiform, hyaline, 1-septate, with or without a gelatinous sheath. Asexual morph: Undetermined. (adapted from Ariyawansa et al. 2018a).
Type – Neomassaria Mapook, Camporesi & K.D. Hyde.
Notes – Neomassariaceae was proposed by Ariyawansa et al. (2018a) to place the monophyletic clade of Neomassaria in Pleosporales. The justification of this family was supported by phylogenetic analyses based on single and concatenated LSU, rpb-2, SSU and tef1 DNA sequence data and morphology (Ariyawansa et al. 2018a). Morphologically Neomassariaceae varies from Massariaceae in having small globose to subglobose ascomata, small asci lacking a refractive ring and small hyaline, 1-septate ascospores (Ariyawansa et al. 2018a). Massariaceae contains species having large subglobose to broadly pyriform ascomata, large oblong, fusoid or clavate asci with a refractive ring, comprising 2–3-seriate oblong, narrowly ellipsoidal or fusoid, dark umber to blackish brown, 3-septate ascospores (Voglmayr & Jaklitsch 2011).