Neodevriesiaceae Quaedvl. & Crous, in Quaedvlieg et al., Persoonia 33: 24 (2014).

MycoBank number: MB 807766; Index Fungorum number: IF 807766; Facesoffungi number: FoF 07636, 55 species.

Foliicolous, saprobic or pathogenic on plants. Sexual morph: Ascomata pseudothecial, black, immersed, substomatal on leaves. Peridium of 2–3 layers, composed of medium brown cells of textura angularis. Asci 8-spored, aparaphysate, bitunicate, subsessile, obovoid to broadly ellipsoid, straight to slightly curved. Ascospores overlapping 3- to multi-seriate, fusoid-ellipsoidal with obtuse ends, hyaline, medianly 1-septate, aguttulate, thick-walled, straight. Germinating ascospores on MEA become brown and verruculose. Asexual morph: Hyphomycetous. Hyphae variable, filamentous. Conidiophores pigmented, proliferating sympodially. Conidia solitary or in short mostly unbranched chains, subcylindrical to narrowly fusoid-ellipsoidal or obclavate, rarely septate, solitary conidia composed of a central stalk and two lateral arms with 1–2 transverse septa, brown.

TypeNeodevriesia Quaedvl. & Crous.

NotesNeodevriesiaceae was introduced by Quaedvlieg et al. (2014). The phylogenetic placement of Devriesia was initially ambiguous (Wang et al. 2016). Based on ITS phylogeny, Seifert et al. (2004) revealed the marginal placement of Devriesia in Mycosphaerellaceae. LSU based phylogeny by Crous et al. (2007a) supported the separation of Teratosphaeriaceae from Mycosphaerellaceae and Devriesia was included under Teratosphaeriaceae. Multi-locus phylogenetic analysis revealed the polyphyly of Devriesia and divided the genus into four distinct clades Devriesia sensu stricto, and Devriesia sensu lato 1, 2, and 3 (Crous et al. 2009c, Frank et al. 2010). Quaedvlieg et al. (2014) described Devriesia sensu lato 3 as Neodevriesia (Neodevriesiaceae).