Melanocamarosporioides D. Pem, Jeewon, Gafforov & K.D. Hyde, Mycol. Progr. 18: 473 (2019).
MycoBank number: MB 554296; Index Fungorum number: IF 554296; Facesoffungi number: FoF 04363; 1 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 1 species with molecular data.
Type species – Melanocamarosporioides ugamica D. Pem, Jeewon, Gafforov & K.D. Hyde, Mycol. Progr. 18: 474 (2019).
Notes – Melanocamarosporioides ugamica was collected from dead trunk and branches of Lonicera altmannii from Uzbekistan. It is characterized by superficial to erumpent, uniloculate conidiomata, and globose ellipsoidal or ovoid, dark brown, multi-septate conidia (Pem et al. 2019d). Melanocamarosporioides resembles Aposphaeria, Exosporiella and Melanodiplodia as they are coelomycetous genus in Melanommataceae. However, Melanocamarosporioides differs in having multi-septate conidia mostly with 3–4 transverse septa and 1–4 longitudinal septa (Pem et al. 2019d), versus aseptate conidia in Aposphaeria (Saccardo 1880, Tian et al. 2015), 4-septate conidia in Exosporiella (Sivanesan 1983, Zhang et al. 2012b, Tian et al. 2015) and 1-septate conidia in Melanodiplodia (Wanasinghe et al. 2018c). The phylogenies indicate that Melanocamarosporioides clustered with Melanodiplodia and aligned in Melanommataceae with strong bootstrap support (Pem et al. 2019d). Wijayawardene et al. (2016a) first introduced a camarosporium-like taxon Melanocamarosporium galiicola in Melanommataceae, while Melanodiplodia differs in having smaller conidiomata and heavily pigmented dark brown conidiomatal wall. However, M. galiicola is not available in GenBank and Pem et al. (2019d) did not include this species in the phylogenetic analysis.