Manglicolaceae Suetrong & E.B.G. Jones, in Suetrong et al., Fungal Divers 51(1): 183 (2011).
MycoBank number: MB 563225; Index Fungorum number: IF 563225; Facesoffungi numbers: FoF 07691, 2 species.
Saprobic on intertidal mangrove wood and the brackish water palm Nypa fruticans. Sexual morph: Ascomata superficial, solitary, or in groups, immersed in the substrate with a hypostroma, obtuse clavate to fusiform, coriaceous, olive-brown, pedicellate, ostiolate, epapillate, periphysate. Peridium thick, 3–5-layered, inner layers hyaline, outer layers pale brown to olive-brown of cells of textura angularis. Hamathecium comprising numerous, simple, septate, trabeculate pseudoparaphyses. Asci 8-spored, bitunicate, cylindrical, thick-walled, with an ocular chamber and a short pedicel, developed at the base of the ascocarp venter between the pseudoparaphyses. Ascospores uni-seriate, fusiform, apiculate, 1-septate, with larger and dark brown upper cell, with smaller and light brown lower cell, gelatinous appendages covering both ends. Asexual morph: Undetermined.
Type: Manglicola Kohlm. & E. Kohlm.
Notes: The family was introduced to accommodate a marine ascomycete with large, club-shaped, coriaceous ascomata, lacking a papilla, and with trabeculate pseudoparaphyses, cylindrical asci and ascospores, with a large apical cell, and a basal turbinate cell with gelatinous appendages at each end. Phylogenetic analyses using LSU and SSU indicated that Manglicolaceae is related to Aliquandostipitaceae within Jahnulales (100 ML/1.0 PP). This result was confirmed by many studies, such as Suetrong et al. (2011) and Hyde et al. (2013). Manglicolaceae is similar to Aliquandostipitaceae in that it has wide hyphae, ascomata with short stalks, cylindrical asci, and large ascospores with appendages, and all are saprobic species in aquatic habitats (Hyde et al. 2013). However, it differs from Aliquandostipitaceae by its marine mangrove habitat, larger ascomata, with a wide ostiole, surrounded by hyaline, clavate hyphae and periphysate ostioles, large, unequally, 1-septate, pale brown ascospores, with a turbinate basal cell and with few asci per ascoma. Manglicolaceae comprises a monotypic genus, Manglicola.