Encephalographa A. Massal., Geneac. lich. (Verona): 13 (1854).
MycoBank number: MB 1776; Index Fungorum number: IF 1776; Facesoffungi number: FoF 07678; 3 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 1 species with molecular data.
Type species: Encephalographa cerebrina (DC.) A. Massal., Miscell. Lichenol.: 49 (1856).
≡ Opegrapha cerebrina DC., in Lamarck & de Candolle, Fl. franç., Edn 3 (Paris) 2: 312 (1805).
Notes: Encephalographa comprises only a single species (Wijayawardene et al. 2017a). This genus was placed in Hysteriaceae (Renobales and Aguirre 1990). Ertz and Diederich (2015) indicated that the type species Encephalographa elisae, belongs in Eremithallales. Presently, Encephalographa is included in Melaspileaceae (Ertz and Diederich 2015). The species is characterized by saxicolous, lirelliform, superficial and black ascomata, lichenized, dark brown to black exciple, I– hymenium, anastomosed paraphyses, clavate, 8-spored and thick-walled asci, apically thickened with distinct ocular chamber, I- and K/I-, and ellipsoid, 1-septate, smooth to finely ornamented, hyaline to brownish ascospores, constricted at the septum with thin perispore (Renobales and Aguirre 1990; Ertz and Diederich 2015).