Coniosporiaceae Crous, Spatafora, Haridas & Grigoriev, fam. nov.
MycoBank number: MB 831890; Index Fungorum number: IF 831890; Facesoffungi number: FoF 11919;
Etymology: Name reﬂects the genus Coniosporium. Conidiomata sporodochial, pulvinate, punctiform, olivaceous to black. Mycelium immersed. Conidiophores arising from a stroma, macronematous straight to ﬂexuous, densely aggregated, straight to ﬂexuous, unbranched, smooth, rugulose to verruculose. Conidiogenous cells integrated, terminal, subcylindrical, fragmenting. Conidia catenate, schizogenous, dry, ellipsoid, oblong, obovoid, pyriform to subspherical, pale to dark brown, muriformly septate, smooth to verruculose (adapted from Ellis 1971).
Type genus: Coniosporium Link, Mag. Gesell. naturf. Freunde, Berlin 3: 8. 1809.
Type species: Coniosporium olivaceum Link, Mag. Gesell. naturf. Freunde, Berlin 3: 8. 1809.
Notes: The genus Coniosporium is polyphyletic (see Li et al. 2008), and C. apollinis (see Sterﬂinger et al. 1997) possibly represents an undescribed genus. However, there is presently no DNA sequence of the type, Coniosporium olivaceum, and the latter needs to be recollected (from Pinus maritima in the Mediterranean area) before this can be resolved.