Conioscyphales Réblová & Seifert, Persoonia 37: 63 (2015)

MycoBank number: MB 813226; Index Fungorum number: IF 813226; Facesoffungi number: FoF 06516;

Conioscyphales comprises the monotypic family Conioscyphaceae with species originating from both terrestrial and freshwater habitats (Réblová et al. 2016c). Conioscyphales is phylogenetically related to Pleurotheciales, Savoryellales and Fuscosporellales. The order was initially introduced based on a multi-gene phylogeny using sequence data from five Conioscypha species (Réblová et al. 2016c). Conioscyphales represents a distinct taxonomic entity which accommodates species with astromatic ascomata, paraphyses, asci bearing J- apical ring and transversely multiseptate ascospores. The conidia undergo schizolytic seccession (Réblová et al. 2016c). The divergence time for Conioscyphales has been estimated as 128.5 MYA (Fig. 2). Currently there is one family and one genus in this order (this paper).

Figure 2 – The maximum clade credibility (MCC) tree, using the same dataset from Fig. 1. This analysis was performed in BEAST v1.10.2. The crown age of Sordariomycetes was set with Normal distribution, mean = 250, SD = 30, with 97.5% of CI = 308.8 MYA, and crown age of Dothideomycetes with Normal distribution mean = 360, SD = 20, with 97.5% of CI = 399 MYA. The substitution models were selected based on jModeltest2.1.1; GTR+I+G for LSU, rpb2 and SSU, and TrN+I+G for tef1 (the model TrN is not available in BEAUti 1.10.2, thus we used TN93). Lognormal distribution of rates was used during the analyses with uncorrelated relaxed clock model. The Yule process tree prior was used to model the speciation of nodes in the topology with a randomly generated starting tree. The analyses were performed for 100 million generations, with sampling parameters every 10000 generations. The effective sample sizes were checked in Tracer v.1.6 and the acceptable values are higher than 200. The first 20% representing the burn-in phase were discarded and the remaining trees were combined in LogCombiner 1.10.2., summarized data and estimated in TreeAnnotator 1.10.2. Bars correspond to the 95% highest posterior density (HPD) intervals. The scale axis shows divergence times as millions of years ago (MYA).

Figure 2 – Continued.

Figure 2 – Continued.