Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Penz. & Sacc., Atti Inst. Veneto Sci. lett., ed Arti, Sér. 6 2(5): 670 (1884)
MycoBank number: MB 158410; Index Fungorum number: IF 158410; Facesoffungi number: FoF 09424, Fig. **.
Saprobic on dead leaves of Dracaena sp. Sexual morph: Undetermined. Asexual morph: Conidiomata acervular, conidiophores formed on a cushion of roundish and medium brown cells. Setae not observed. Conidiophores hyaline to pale brown, smooth walled, septate, branched. Conidiogenous cells hyaline, cylindrical to ampulliform, 5.5–17.5 μm, apex 1–2 μm diam. Conidia 11–15.5 × 4.5–6 μm, mean (n = 40), hyaline, aseptate, smooth-walled, cylindrical, both ends rounded, 1–3-guttulate, contents granular. Appressoria not observe.
Material examined – China, Yunnan Province, Kunming, on Rhododendron sp., 28 July 2018, Napalai Chaiwan, KIB16 (MFLU ****, ), ex-type living culture, MFLUCC 18–***.
Host – Citrus, Rhododendron sp.—(This study).
Distribution – America, India, Italy, China, —(This study).
GenBank accession numbers – ACT: OP099903, CHS OP0*99904.
Notes – The first report of Colletotrichum gloeospoioides was described by Penzig 1882 as a Vermicularia gloeospoioides from Citrus in Italy. Colletotrichum gloeospoioides species have been report occurres on a broad range of host species frequently reported as a dominant endophyte of tropical herbaceous plants and is known as a field and post–harvest fruit pathogen of many economically important crops (von Arx JA 1957, Sutton 1992). Colletotrichum gloeospoioides was found from a wide variety of fruits such as almond, avocado, apple, coffee, cranberry, guava, mango, strawberry, papaya, banana, passion fruit,citrus, grapes and cashews. (Liu et al. 2015). Base on our analysis this species belongs to the C. gloeospoioides species complex. In a BLASTn search of GenBank, the ACT sequence had 98.37% similarity, while the CHS sequence had 98.85% similarity. Thus, our strain is introduced as a new geological record of C. gloeospoioides from Dracaena sp. in Thailand.
In our phylogenetic analysis we identificate that two new species that were introduced by et al. 2022 clustered with Colletotrichum gloeospoioides. Morphological The morphology of this collection is similar to Coll. Gloeospoioides. The gene sequence are almost identical to Colletotrichum gloeospoioides. We synonymise thest two species into Colletotrichum gloeospoioides.