Camarosporiaceae Wanas., Wijayaw., K.D. Hyde & Crous, in Wanasinghe et al., Stud. Mycol. 87: 212 (2017).
MycoBank number: MB 80150;Index Fungorum number: IF 80150; Facesoffungi number: FoF 03527, 262 species.
Saprobic, endophytic and pathogenic on leaves, wood in terrestrial habitats. Sexual morph: Ascomata immersed to erumpent, aggregated to solitary, globose to subglobose, unilocular, black, ostiolate. Ostiole central, black, papillate. Peridium with several cell layers of cells of textura angularis, outer layer to inner layer brown and reddish brown to hyaline and sub hyaline. Asci pedicellate, cylindrical, bitunicate, 8-spored. Hamathecium of cellular pseudoparaphyses. Ascospores 1-seriate, ellipsoidal, with obtuse ends, medium brown, muriform, 3–8 transverse septa, 1–2 longitudinal septa, constricted at septa. Asexual morph: Conidiomata dimorphic, subcorticolous, pycnidial, solitory to gregarious, globose, partly caespitose, central ostiole, terete, shortly papillate. Conidiomata wall thick-walled, several layers, composed of red brown, smooth cells of textura globulosa to textura angularis. Conidiogenous cells formed by inner cells of the pycnidial wall, doliiform, annellidic thin-walled, hyaline. Conidiophores reduced to conidiogenous cells. Conidia ellipsoidal, clavate, pyroid, straight to slightly curved, yellowish not brown, basal cell paler or hyaline, muriform, 1 longitudinal septum or diagonal septum per cell, 1–2 per conidium, golden wall. Synasexual morph: conidiomata pycnidial, immersed to superficial, separate, brown, globose, 1–2 papillate ostioles, exuding a crystalline conidial mass. Conidiophores reduced to conidiogenous cells. Conidiogenous cells laying on inner cavity, smooth, hyaline, ampulliform. Conidia solitary, subcylindrical, straight, rarely curved, apex obtuse, base truncate, hyaline, smooth-walled.
Type – Camarosporium Schulzer, Verh. K.K.
Notes – Camarosporiaceae was validated to accommodate Camarosporium and Camarosporomyces by Wanasinghe et al. (2017a). This is a well-supported family in Pleosporineae sister to Leptosphaeriaceae in phylogenetic analyses (Wanasinghe et al. 2017a). See Crous & Groenewald (2017) and Wanasinghe et al. (2017a) for more details.