Ascocylindricaceae Abdel-Wahab et al., in Ariyawansa et al., Fungal Divers. 75:45(2015)
MycoBank number: MB 551416; Index Fungorum number: IF 551416; Facesoffungi number: FoF 01041, 1 species.
Saprobic on lignicolous substrates in marine habitats. Sexual morph: Ascomata scattered, immersed, erumpent to superficial, globose to subglobose, dark-brown to black, papillate, ostiolate and ostiole comprises of periphyses. Peridium thin. Hamathecium comprising trabeculate, branched, septate, pseudoparaphyses, embedded in mucilage. Asci 8-spored, bitunicate, fissitunicate, cylindrical with short pedicel, 1-seriate to overlapping 1-seriate, with ocular chamber. Ascospores 1-seriate to overlapping 1-seriate, ellipsoidal, dark brown to black, 1-septate, constricted at the septum, rough and ornamented. Asexual morph: Undetermined.
Type – Ascocylindrica Abdel-Wahab, Bahkali, E.B.G. Jones, Ariyaw. & K.D. Hyde.
Notes – Ascocylindricaceae was introduced by Ariyawansa et al. (2015a) to accommodate the monotypic genus collected from marine habitat based on morphology and phylogeny. Members of Ascocylindricaceae can be easily separated from the other marine taxa in Pleoporales based on their small ascomata, cylindrical asci and bi-celled dark brown to black ascospores.