Ascochalara Réblová, Sydowia 51(2): 212 (1999)
MycoBank number: MB 28371; Index Fungorum number: IF 28371; Facesoffungi number: FoF 13051; 1 morphological species.
Type species – Ascochalara gabretae Réblová
Notes – Ascochalara was introduced by Réblová (1999e) to accommodate the lignicolous species, A. gabretae, characterised by black, papillate ascomata, covered with greyish to whitish powder, cylindrical-clavate asci with a J-, refractive apical ring and fusiform ascospores disarticulating into part ascospores within the asci. The asexual morph of the fungus is charala-like, with conidiophores mononematous, macronematous, phialidic conidiogenous cells and sub- cylindrical to wedge-shaped, aseptate conidia.