Sulcatisporaceae Kaz. Tanaka & K. Hiray., Stud. Mycol. 82: 119 (2015).
MycoBank number: MB 814431; Index Fungorum number: IF 814431; Facesoffungi number: FoF 06031, 9 species.
Saprobic on various hosts. Sexual morph: Ascomata grouped or scattered, immersed to erumpent, globose from surface view, subglobose to hemisphaerical in transverse section. Ostiolar neck central, papillate, periphysate. Peridium comprising many layers of compressed cells, inadequately developed at the base. Hamathecium comprising branched, anastomosed, cellular or trabeculate pseudoparaphyses. Asci 8-spored, clavate, with short stalk. Ascospores overlapping, roughly fusiform, hyaline, 1-septate, surrounded completely by a sheath. Asexual morph: Conidiomata pycnidial, globose. Conidiogenous cells cylindrical to doliiform, phialidic or annellidic. Conidia ellipsoid to subglobose, hyaline to dark brown, 1- to multi-septate, sometimes muriform, with or without striation (adapted from Tanaka et al. 2015).
Type – Sulcatispora Kaz. Tanaka & K. Hiray.
Notes – Sulcatisporaceae currently accommodates the genera Magnicamarosporium, Neobambusicola, Pseudobambusicola and Sulcatispora (Tanaka et al. 2015). Neobambusicola initially belonged to Bambusicolaceae (Crous et al. 2014b), but it was transferred to Sulcatisporaceae since it phylogenetically formed a well-supported clade with Magnicamarosporium and Sulcatispora, sister to Bambusicolaceae (Tanaka et al. 2015). The species belonging to Sulcatisporaceae differ from those of the Bambusicolaceae in having subglobose to obovoid muriform conidia (Magnicamarosporium) or conidia bearing 1 to many septations, with or without striation (Neobambusicola) (Tanaka et al. 2015). Pseudoparaparaphyses of this family was reported as both cellular (e.g. Anthosulcatispora) and trabeculate (e.g. Parasulcatispora and Sulcatispora).