Pseudolophiotremataceae K.D. Hyde & Hongsanan, in Hongsanan et al., Phytotaxa 383(1): 97 (2018).
MycoBank number: MB 555430; Index Fungorum number: IF 555430; Facesoffungi number: FoF 05108, 2 species.
Saprobic on herbaceous plants. Sexual morph: Ascomata grouped, immersed, globose. Ostiolar neck crest-like, elongated, laterally compressed. Peridium uniform, comprises thin-walled, pale brown cells. Hamathecium comprising numerous, septate, branched, anastomosing, pseudoparaphyses. Asci 8-spored, bitunicate, fissitunicate, cylindrical. Ascospores 2-seriate, fusiform, hyaline, 1-septate, smooth-walled. Asexual morph: Undetermined.
Type – Pseudolophiotrema A. Hashim. & Kaz. Tanaka.
Notes – Two genera are accepted in this family, Clematidis and Pseudolophiotrema introduced by Li et al. (2016a) and Hashimoto et al. (2017b), respectively. Hongsanan et al. (2018) established Pseudolophiotremataceae based on the distinct lineage of Pseudolophiotrema elymicola which was treated as Pleosporales genus incertae sedis (Hashimoto et al. 2017b). They also provided MCC tree as additional evidence to support its familial status. Phukhamsakda et al. (2020) indicated that Clematidis clustered with Pseudolophiotrema. They retain the name Pseudolophiotremataceae to accommodate these two genera.