Parapyrenochaeta Valenz.-Lopez, Crous, Stchigel, Guarro & Cano., Stud. Mycol. 90: 64 (2018).
MycoBank number: MB 820319; Index Fungorum number: IF 820319; Facesoffungi number: FoF 08323; 2 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 2 species with molecular data.
Type species – Parapyrenochaeta protearum (Crous) Valenz.-Lopez, Crous, Stchigel, Guarro & Cano., Stud. Mycol. 90:64 (2018).
≡ Pyrenochaeta protearum Crous, Persoonia 27:153 (2011).
Notes – Pyrenochaeta protearum resembles phoma-like taxa in producing single phialides covering the inner source of the pycnidia, and having small, aseptate, hyaline conidia, but also resembles pyrenochaeta-like species due to its setose pycnidia (Crous et al. 2011b). Based on multilocus molecular phylogenetic analysis using ITS and LSU nucleotide sequence data, this fungus has been identified as related to Leptosphaeria, Pyrenochaeta and Pyrenochaetopsis, and was included in Pyrenochaeta (Crous et al. 2011b). Valenzuela-Lopez et al. (2018) accommodated the fungal species into Parapyrenochaeta.