Paraphaeosphaeria O.E. Erikss., Ark. Bot., Ser. 2 6: 405 (1967).

MycoBank number: MB 3711; Index Fungorum number: IF 3711; Facesoffungi number: FoF 00057; 29 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 6 species with molecular data.

Type speciesParaphaeosphaeria michotii (Westend.) O.E. Erikss., Arch. Botan. 6: 405 (1967).

Sphaeria michotii Westend., Bull. Acad. R. Sci. Belg., Cl. Sci., sér. 2 7(5): 87 (1859).

NotesParaphaeosphaeria was introduced Eriksson (1967) to accommodate four species with oblong-cylindric ascospores (P. castagnei, P. michotii, P. obtusispora, and P. rusci). Paraphaeosphaeria species are characterized in having immersed to semi-immersed ascomata, bitunicate asci with a short pedicel and multi-septate, broadly elliptical, yellowish brown ascospores (Wong et al. 2000, Ariyawansa et al. 2014d). Paraphaeosphaeria produces coniothyrium-like asexual morphs characterized by eustromatic or pycnidial conidiomata, phialidic, or annelidic conidiogenous cells and aseptate or 1-septate conidia (Verkley et al. 2014). Recent studies confirmed the placement of Paraphaeosphaeria in Didymosphaeriaceae (Ariyawansa et al. 2014d, Verkley et al. 2014, Wanasinghe et al. 2018c). Paraphaeosphaeria comprises 29 epithets in Species Fungorum (2020).