Neoroussoella Jian K. Liu, Phookamsak & K.D. Hyde, Phytotaxa 181(1): 21 (2014).

MycoBank number: MB 550668; Index Fungorum number: IF 550668; Facesoffungi number: FoF 08363; 7 morphological species (Phukhamsakda et al. 2020, Species Fungorum 2020, Yuan et al. 2020), 7 species with molecular data.

Type speciesNeoroussoella bambusae Phookamsak, Jian K. Liu & K.D. Hyde, Phytotaxa 181(1): 23 (2014).

Notes – Liu et al. (2014) introduced Neoroussoella to accommodate a saprobic roussoella- like taxon, collected from dead branch of Bambusa sp. in northern Thailand. The genus can be distinguished from Roussoella in having uni-locolate ascomata and its coelomycetous asexual morph forming hyaline to pale brown, smooth-walled conidia (Liu et al. 2014, Jayasiri et al. 2019, Karunarathna et al. 2019). Phookamsak et al. (2019) introduced N. heveae based on multi-gene phylogeny with moderate support, although, the morphological features of this species do not fit- well with Neoroussoella. Meanwhile, Karunarathna et al. (2019) introduced N. alishanense, collected from Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. and bamboo (Poaceae) in Taiwan and Thailand. In their analysis, N. heveae clustered with Pararoussoella (Karunarathna et al. 2019). This species needs to be revisited.