Neomelanconiellaceae Crous, Persoonia 41: 267 (2018)

Index Fungorum number: IF828247; 1 species.

Endophytic forming leaf spots. Sexual morph: Undetermined. Asexual morph: Conidiomata solitary to aggregated, pycnidial, brown with central ostiole. Conidiomatal wall comprising several layers of medium brown cells of textura angularis. Conidiophores lining the inner cavity, septate, hyaline, smooth, subcylindrical with slight apical taper, branched or not. Conidiogenous cells hyaline, smooth, ampulliform, terminal and intercalary, phialidic. Conidia solitary, aseptate, hyaline, smooth, guttulate, subcylindrical to narrowly ellipsoid, apex obtuse, tapering to truncate hilum (adapted from Crous et al. 2018b).

Type – Neomelanconiella Crous
Notes – Neomelanconiellaceae was introduced by Crous et al. (2018b) based on a single collection of
Neomelanconiella combreti. Phylogenetically, this family clusters between Melanconiellaceae and Harknessiaceae.

Ecological and economic significance of Neomelanconiellaceae
Neomelanconiella combreti forms spots on leaves of Combretum sp., which is a native plant to southern Africa, Madagascar, tropical Asia and tropical America. This plant is used in African or Indian herbal medicine.