Linocarpaceae S. Konta & K.D. Hyde, Mycosphere 8(10): 1962 (2017)

MycoBank number: MB 553959; Index Fungorum number: IF 553959; Facesoffungi number: FoF 03843; 56 species.

Saprobic and endophytic fungi on monocotyledons and rarely dicotyledons. Sexual morph: Ascomata solitary, superficial comprising black, domeshaped (Linocarpon), slightly raised or flattened circular areas, or immersed (Neolinocarpon) with a black shiny papilla. Peridium composed of dark brown to black cells of textura angularis. Paraphyses septate, longer than asci, wider at the base, tapering towards the apex. Asci 8spored, unitunicate, cylindrical, with a J-, apical ring, developing from the base and periphery of the ascomata. Ascospores parallel or spiral in asci, hyaline or paleyellowish in mass, filiform, straight or curved, unicellular with refringent bands, with or without polar appendages. Asexual morph: A phialophoralike spp. was found in Linocarpon appendiculatum and L. elaeidis cultures ( Hyde 1992a), but has not been recovered in other species (adapted from Konta et al. 2017).

Type genusLinocarpon Syd. & P. Syd.

Notes – A recent treatment and updated account of Linocarpaceae by Konta et al. (2017) placed this family in Chaetosphaeriales which was confirmed by Hyde et al. (2019a) . The first record of appressorium structures were from Neolinocarpon (Hyde et al. 2019a).