Clonostachys Corda, Pracht-Fl. Eur. Schimmelbild.: 31 (1839)

MycoBank number: MB 7701; Index Fungorum number: IF 7701; Facesoffungi number: FoF 02102; 41 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 20 species based on molecular data.

Type speciesClonostachys araucaria Corda

NotesBionectria was linked to Clonostachys by Rossman et al. (2013) and priority given to the older and commonly used name Clonostachys. We illustrate the sexual morph of Clonostachys rosea and asexual morph of C. byssicola (Figs. 48, 49).

Figure 48 Clonostachys rosea (Material examined – THAILAND, Phayao Province, Chiang Kham District, on twigs of a dicotyledonous plant, R.H. Perera, 11 September 2017, Bion 17 (MFLU 19-0960), living culture MFLUCC 17-2632). a Herbarium material. b, c Ascomata on host (a dry, b after wet with water). d Section of ascoma. e Section of ostiole. f Section of peridium. g, h Asci. i-n Ascospores. o Germinating ascospore. p, q Colony on PDA. Scale bars: b, c = 200 µm, d = 100 µm, e, f = 50 µm, g, h = 20 µm, i-n = 10 µm, o = 20 µm.

Figure 49 Clonostachys byssicola (Material examined – THAILAND, Chiang Mai Province, on a dead stem of Chromolaena odorata, 2 February 2017, R.H. Perera BN4, MFLU 18-2729; living culture MFLUCC 17-2033). a Herbarium material. b Sporodochia on the host. c Secondary conidiophores, penicillate. d Secondary conidiophores and verticillium-like primary conidiophores. e Phialides with conidia. f Conidia. g Germinating conidium. h, i Colony on PDA. Scale bars: c, d = 50 μm, e = 20 μm, f, g = 10 μm.