Cephalotrichum Link, Mag. Gesell. naturf. Freunde, Berlin 3(1–2): 20 (1809)
MycoBank number: MB 7527; Index Fungorum number: IF 7527; Facesoffungi number: FoF 06826; 35 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 27 species with sequence data.
Type species – Cephalotrichum stemonitis (Pers.) Nees
Notes – The genus has a similar conidiogenous apparatus to Microascus and Scopulariopsis. However, the conidiophores in Cephalotrichum arise from synnemata and produce conidia in dry basipetal chains. Asexual morphs are hyphomycetous and saprobic on soil and dung with a worldwide distribution. de Beer et al. (2013a) and Sandoval-Denis et al. (2016a) added new species. The genus was accepted in Microascaceae by Sandoval-Denis et al. (2016a), Maharachchikumbura et al. (2015, 2016b) and Wijayawardene et al. (2017a, 2018a). The sexual morph of this genus is undetermined.