Bambusicolaceae D.Q. Dai & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 63: 49 (2013)

The family Bambusicolaceae was introduced by Hyde et al. (2013), with the type genus Bambusicola, to accommodate taxa with small, immersed ascomata, with cellular to trabeculate pseudoparaphyses, cylindrical, bitunicate asci and fusiform ascospores, and usually inhabiting bamboo. Crous et al. (2014b) isolated a related asexual taxon from leaves of Strelitzia nicolai (Strelitziaceae) and introduced a new genus Neobambusicola. Liu et al. (2015) described Palmiascoma from a dead palm frond, thus widening the family concept (Dai et al. 2015). The species of Bambusicolaceae usually produce asexual morph on host substrate or on culture, with holoblastic, annelidic or phialidic conidiogenous cells (Dai et al. 2012; Crous et al. 2014b; Liu et al. 2015).