Alpinaria Jaklitsch & Voglmayr, Sydowia 69: 84 (2017).
MycoBank number: MB 819135; Index Fungorum number: IF 819135; Facesoffungi number: FoF 08295; 1 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 1 species with molecular data.
Type species – Alpinaria rhododendri (Niessl) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr, Sydowia 69: 84 (2017)
≡ Cucurbitaria rhododendri Niessl, Verh. nat. Ver. Brünn 10: 202 (1872).
Notes – Alpinaria was introduced to accommodate Cucurbitaria rhododendri which was introduced by Niessl (1872). Initially. C. rhododendri was transferred to Melanomma as Melanomma rhododendri (Rehm 1881, Holm 1968). Jaklitsch & Voglmayr (2017) epitypified C. rhododendri and established the new genus referring to its alpine habitat. Alpinaria is characterized by erumpent, globose, black ascomata with papillate ostiole, septate paraphyses, cylindrical asci and ellipsoid to fusoid, brown, 3-euseptate ascospores. Phylogenetically, Jaklitsch & Voglmayr (2017) first provided the sequence of A. rhododendri and it clustered in Melanommataceae with strong bootstrap support.